Sir Francis Bathurst in 1735 tells of a house 20 feet long, by 12 feet wide, divided into two apartments, a bedroom and dining room, and the house covered with clapboards. Which group controlled the economic and political life of the southern colonies? The overwhelming majority of them were indentured servants, slaves or yeoman farmers. The Southern Colonies included Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.  Julia Cherry Spruill, Women’s Life and Work in the Southern Colonies, (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1972), pg. To produce enough rice or cotton or tobacco to make a profit took … The Southern colonies included Maryland, the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia. The land was fertile and closer to the Caribbean for easy trade. Refinements included brass or iron andirons, shovel, tongs, and bellows at each fireplace, with curtains at the window, and cushions for the chairs. Men dressed in coarse linen shirts, stockings, leather coats or apron buckskin pants, caps and cowhide shoes. The front door was of heavy wood planks. Describe the main difference between the economies of the northern and southern colonies in the 1700s. They had to prepare for their lives as youths, with females taking on the marital and homemaking duties, while the males assumed their role of provider. The sure sign of the well being of the colonists were their diets. Personal property was scarce for the average colonist, consisting of a few handmade clothing items (including a few wool items for winter) and a pair of shoes. For Kids - Life in the Southern Colonies. A tobacco planter wrote, “If a man has Money, Negros and Land enough he is a complete Gentleman.” And land was abundant. Our work has been featured by the New York Times, TIME magazine, History Channel, Discovery Channel, Smithsonian, Mental Floss, NPR, and more. plantation owners. While there has always been a reasonable body of knowledge covering the landed gentry and the upper class of the colonial era, there is still comparatively little known of the majority of the middle and lower classes in the South. They also wore their riding coats, jockey hats, muslin cravats and black bearskin muffs. 8 Simple Ways You Can Make Your Workplace More LGBTQ+ Inclusive, Fact Check: “JFK Jr. Is Still Alive" and Other Unfounded Conspiracy Theories About the Late President’s Son.  William S. Powell, North Carolina Through Four Centuries, (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1989), p. 120. This distinction was made by the colonists as opposed to the British Government, as the ways of life in each region was different. Required fields are marked *. It was not a time for the idol pursuits of youth, but one for duty and serious responsibility. English American Southerners would not enjoy the generally good health of their New England counterparts. People living in the southern colonies often experienced yellow fever and malaria, which shortened their life expectancy. The Puritans were strict about worshiping in church. Women often married quite young, sometimes at an age of thirteen or fourteen. It was 40 feet long, 18 feet wide and “nyne foot to the wall plates,” with a chimney at each end.  Authur M. Schlesinger, The Birth of the Nation, 6th ed. The economic life of the Southern colonists was also most positive as the colonial period continued. People in Southern Colonies met in county seats. They were located south of the Middle Colonies, albeit Virginia and Maryland (in their quality as northernmost colonies of the South) where also considered as the Chesapeake Colonies. She was responsible for the management of the large family in an era of limited home technology for even the most basic of activities.  B. Hesseltine, The South in American History, (New York: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1946), p. 44. Create engaging Jeopardy-style quiz games in minutes or choose from millions of existing Jeopardy game templates. The U.S. Supreme Court: Who Are the Nine Justices on the Bench Today? The next year they established Jamestown Colony in what is now the state of Virginia. , The large plantation manor homes of the wealthy gentry were extremely impressive. 3. How did plantations affect life in the Southern Colonies?  Childbirth was often for most female adults who were married, with most Southern mothers having their first children in their late teens. The weather in the south provided a long growing season, which allowed crops like rice, cotton, and tobacco to flourish. 1. Their work found that native-born colonial soldiers were two inches taller than the British soldiers, a clear scientific indicator of the superior diets of the North American colonists.. The stable or carriage house was usually further away from the primary dwelling. Keeping house was more trying as the food was more scarce, the clothing crude, furniture was quite basic and limited, and houses small. The colonial houses of the average farmer were furnished with a minimum of simple household objects, usually consisting of half split logs on peg-legs, a chest, a sawbuck wood table, barrels for chairs and a bed of straw either laying on the floor or suspended by rawhide strips on a wood frame. These simple houses had a roof of clapboards, and a chimney of logs backed with stone.. The Baptists and Anglicans lived in the southern colonies. Yet John Lawson wrote around 1700 that most citizens “…lived very nobly.” Brick was made in the area, and the presence of skilled carpenters, joiners, masons and plasterers supported the building of many attractive and substantial residences. T or F After the Navigation Acts were passed, colonial merchants could not use foreign ships to send their goods?  Edwin J. Perkins, The Economy of Colonial America, 2nd ed. Certainly the hospitality widely offered to visitors in the Southern colonies was largely due to the success of the home management of Southern women. The Southern colonies were North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Virginia, and Maryland. The Southern Colonies would be the last to be settled with Georgia coming … During the last half of the seventeenth century in Virginia, while houses varied from one-story or two-story cottages to two-story-and-a-half brick structures, the most common house was a story-and-a-half of wood or brick, with the occasional rear wing and often a “shedd-room” kitchen. But most Georgia backwoods houses were one and two room structures of hewed logs, notched to fit together, with the cracks filled with moss, sticks, straw and clay. Middle-class families had earthenware or pewter, bed and table linen, knives, forks, and a Bible. The southern American colonies needed them to work on the tobacco and rice plantations. These women were significantly more independent and self-sufficient, and endured many hardships even in the mid-1700s. People from poorer backgrounds would tend to their farms, and their children would only learn to read and write if their parents were able to educate them. The typical Southern small farmer planted corn, wheat, barley, oats, and rye and a variety of vegetables in season on 15 to 35 acres of his farm, leaving the rest of the acreage to forest or pasture. 39-40. The more critical issue of the colonial period was not how to obtain land; it was how to obtain adequate labor to work the land. During the eighteenth century the most common plantation, whether of brick or wood, was a large square building of two stories high, with a wide hall-often called the “great hall”-with four large rooms on each floor, and four chimneys. I eagerly look forward to parts two and three. The south also exported indigo (a blue dye made from native plants). Wealthy planters were able to offer their children a good education, with boys learning how to run the plantation and girls learning skills like singing and managing a household. How and why was life in the northern colonies more diverse than life in the southern colonies? Other eating articles were “saltcellars, porringers, sugar-pots, butter-dishes, castors, cruets, bowls and Jugs.” Above the median families had a few fancy clothes, a watch, china plates, fine furniture, some silver items and a few small amenities. Although, it was said that they had freedom of religion, the Anglican faith was dominant in the southern … While the mother country had attempted to stop trade with foreign countries, minimized manufacturing competition within the … In addition to being separated from their families, their enslavements were often permanent, they worked long hours in all forms of weather and were subject to violent punishments. Horses were used for transportation and for working the fields.  Julia Cherry Spruill, Women’s Life and Work in the Southern Colonies, (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1972), p. 138. For those families that prospered, they would build or acquire a three-room home of brick, with a wood floor, two brick fireplaces and some 800 or more square feet of living space.  Edwin J. Perkins, The Economy of Colonial America, 2nd ed., (New York: Columbia University Press, 1988), p. 7. , In the colonial America of the eighteenth century, the typical family size was large, with some eight children. , In Georgia by the middle of the 17th century most houses were still made of wood. A stranger has no more to do but to enquire upon the road where any gentleman or good houskeeper lives and there he may depend upon being received with hospitality.” Another visitor wrote that Maryland mansions were “as well known to the weary, indigent traveller as to the affluent guest.” All the Southern states were known from the earliest time for their hospitality, especially in the rural areas and among the planter class. According to family accounts, my 5th Great Grandmother was Elizabeth Lewis Bishop,…, Thoroughly enjoyed rereading this piece on Christmas Night.  William S. Powell, North Carolina Through Four Centuries, (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1989), p. 117. The cost of this dwelling was about $270 in building materials. It was the first permanent English settlement in America. The birthrate was 40 to 50 per 1000 colonists. There were some nine passages and a “great hall” with a grand stairway displaying a mahogany banister carved with fruit and flower designs, leading up to a hardwood landing which commanded an impressive view of the York River and the surrounding countryside. The median income per capita was around £10 ($900 in 1985 equivalent dollars). Life on farms that were inland was often dangerous due to bears and other wild animals. Cook stoves, invented by Franklin in 1740, were not commonly used at this time. 20-21. The building often had one or more wings, or even detached buildings for laundry, kitchen, office or school.  Edwin J. Perkins, The Economy of Colonial America, 2nd ed., (New York: Columbia University Press, 1988), pg. If you are under 7 children of southern colonies wore simple gowns. Land was the source and measure of wealth in the world at that time. For the first 15 years after settlement in 1607, dwellings at Jamestown continued to be rather crude shanties of green timber and poor workmanship, always falling into decay and disrepair. As for the rest of the presidents who had slaves they di , Half of population in the 1770s was believed to have been below the age of fifteen. Soon the grand four-poster beds covered with soft feather mattress, adorned with pillows and sheets of oznaburg, canvas Holland or linen, blankets and quilts of bright colors, was the norm. A lucky few were at the top, with land holdings as far as the eyes could see. Homes outside Jamestown, owned by planters, were constructed of brick foundations and chimneys only, with the remaining made of wood, which was in great abundance. During leisure time, children with wealthy parents could play games like Rolling the Hoop, Nine Pins (bowling), Fishing and Swimming. The colonies developed prosperous economies based on the cultivation of cash crops, such as … (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1976), p. 28. Because of the damp and hot weather, vector borne diseases were common. Therefore, the colonist had more disposable income. In almost every aspect of their lives, these peoples had achieved a standard of life not equaled even in the mature societies and economies of Western Europe. Much of the labor on the farms and plantations was done by slaves brought over from Africa. T or F During the Glorious Revolution, the British Monarchy gained more power at the expense of Parliament. True . Some are released when their owners die, such as George Washington. The colonists came to the New World for freedom of religion. Each of these regions solved political issues based on their social life. The wealthy also had household chores performed by servants or slaves. Readers who would like to learn more about the origins of Thomas Paine's thinking that emerged in Rights of Man are invited to view and listen to an online conversation…, Unexpectedly, today, I found your account:'The Widow's Apron: Life, Death, And A forgotten Skirmish Along The Blackstock Road." As someone who is involved in restoring a mid 18th century Virginia farmhouse that was built by one of my wife’s ancestors, I found this article especially interesting. Because of the lack of diaries, letters or official documents for most of the population, the details of the lives of these forgotten population remains rather sketchy. Life was very different in the rural southern colonies of Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. While an image of a life of idleness and leisure for the Southern colonial woman may have evolved over time, the impression is not one of fact for most females. Social life in the southern colonies was based on the strict social class system in place at the time, so activities varied for those colonists who were wealthy versus those who were poor, and for those who were free versus indentured servants or slaves. People from poorer backgrounds would tend to their farms, and their children would only learn to read … The lives of the planter’s wife and the ladies in the town mansions was quite different than that of the poorer lot in the backwoods areas. The average man in the southern colonies could expect to live about 35 years. The middle colonies had people from different religions, like Quakers, Catholics, Jews, etc. Even infant mortality was better in the colonies, where 12 to 15 of 100 babies died each year compared to England where no fewer than 20 per 100 died. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. In 1765 John Graham advertised a house of two stories, with a first floor containing “a handsome balcony in the front, with a dining room, two “good bed-chambers,” one of which had a fireplace, a passage of “eight feet wide, and an easy well finished staircase,” a “kitchen adjoining the house well fitted up,” and a piazza running the full length of the house, at one end of which was a “bedroom lined, plastered and glazed,” and at the other a convenient storeroom. 26-28, 33-35. The potato was new to the diet of the colonist, appearing after 1720 when the Scots-Irish introduced it.  The gentry class faired better in having a greater variety and style of clothing. There is an abundance of slavery and indentured servants working on the plantation and in a land-owner's mansion in this area. Outbreaks of malaria and yellow fever kept life expectancies lower. Your email address will not be published. 51-54, 72-74. 38-39. The Southern colonies included Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, and Georgia. The high meat consumption was a key indicator of their relative wealth. Your email address will not be published. Close. As recorded by a historian, Robert Beverley, in travels in Virginia around 1700, “The inhabitants are very courteous to travellers, who need no other recommendation but the being human creatures. The lives of these youths were founded on the sense of obedience without question to their elders. For example, while the children of rich plantation owners benefited from a good education, those living in the backcountry may not have learned to read or write. The Southern Colonies were an Oligarchy, which meant that wealthy plantation owners controlled the government since they could pay for their expenses. The winters of the southern colonies were much easier compared to those of New England and the Middle Colonies. 195, 197. 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